Antarctic treaty
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Antarctic treaty hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, 86th Congress, second session, on Ex. B, 86th Congress, 2d session by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations

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Published by U.S. G.P.O. in Washington .
Written in English


  • International relations,
  • Antarctica -- International status,
  • United States -- Foreign relations -- Soviet Union,
  • Soviet Union -- Foreign relations -- United States

Book details:

The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 105 p. ;
Number of Pages105
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15599896M
LC Control Number60061630

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The 12 nations listed in the preamble (below) signed the Antarctic Treaty on 1 December at Washington, D.C. The Treaty entered into force on 23 June ; the 12 signatories became the original 12 consultative nations. As of April , 17 . A summary of the Antarctic Treaty, an outline of the 14 articles. The Antarctic Treaty and Madrid Protocol - Main Points. The Antarctic Treaty determines the way that people conduct themselves in Antarctica, it was added to substantially in with the advent of the Madrid Protocol which came into force in The Antarctic Treaty, the earliest of the post-World War II arms limitation agreements, has significance both in itself and as a precedent. It demilitarized the Antarctic Continent and provided for its cooperative exploration and future use. It has been cited as an example of nations exercising foresight and working in concert to prevent. Final Report of the Eleventh Antarctic Treaty Special Consultative Meeting, 1. The Eleventh Antarctic Treaty Special Consultative Meeting was held in accordance with the provisions of Recommendation XV-1 adopted by all the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties in Paris in October , in order to explore and discuss proposals.

Antarctic Treaty, (Dec. 1, ), agreement signed by 12 nations, in which the Antarctic continent was made a demilitarized zone to be preserved for scientific research. The treaty resulted from a conference in Washington, D.C., attended by representatives of . Antarctic Treaty System: An Assessment: Proceedings of a Workshop Held at Beardmore South Field Camp, Antarctica, January , National Academies, - Law - . The Antarctic Treaty ARTICLE XII 1. (a) The present Treaty may be modified or amended at any time by unanimous agreement of the Contracting Parties whose representatives are entitled to participate in the meetings provided for under Article IX. Any such modification or amendment shall enter into force when the depositaryFile Size: 54KB. Antarctic Treaty (Environmental Protocol). 6 Notwithstanding the successful evo- lution of this legal regime, 7 in recent years three issues have surfaced that could challenge the legal integrity and political viability of this regional treaty Size: 66KB.

The Antarctic Treaty, which is at the heart of the regime that covers the vast region of sea and land surrounding the South Pole, has been in force for 50 years. Australia and the Antarctic Treaty System examines Australia's crucial contribution, past and present, within the system of cooperative governance established by the Antarctic Treaty. The texts of the Antarctic Treaty together with the texts of the Recommendations of the first three Consultative Meetings (Canberra , Buenos Aires and Brussels ) have been published in Treaty Series No. 97 () Cmnd. File Size: 4MB. The Antarctic Treaty system is a global achievement and has been a hallmark of international cooperation for more than 50 years. Australia was one of 12 original Parties to the Antarctic Treaty. Many countries have acceded to the Treaty since it was signed in All countries with an active interest in Antarctica are Parties to the Antarctic.   The Antarctic Treaty is an agreement signed by 54 countries stating that the continent of Antarctica should only be used for peaceful, scientific purposes. The treaty prohibits military activity, weapons testing and nuclear explosions on the continent, and encourages cooperative scientific research between nations.